Dinira National Park was created on November 30, 1988 by Decree Number 2564, published in the Official Gazette Number 34 on December 22, 1988 (República de Venezuela 1988). The park was created to protect the upper basins of the Tocuyo, Chabasquén, Boconó, and Carache Rivers in order to assure the continued, regulated supply and good quality water for human consumption and agricultural use. In addition, the park was established to protect the diverse vegetation formations that provide habitat for many unique, endangered species. The park also protects several of Venezuela's most developed natural caves, important archeological and fossil remains, as well as the only páramo found in Lara State.
The National Parks Institute (INPARQUES) administers and manages this park.
Even though the park was created more than 15 years ago, it does not have a Park Use Regulations and Management Plan. In August 1997, a public consultation was held with park and nearby residents to work on the plan, yet it was never finished. Therefore, the park is managed under the legal direction of the Partial Regulations of the Organic Law for Territorial Planning regarding the Administration and Management of National Parks and Natural Monuments (República de Venezuela 1989). The regulation is general and does not take into account any of Dinira's specific requirements.
Currently, there are two security posts located in the sectors of Barbacoas and Buenos Aires where the main access areas to the park are found. They are in good condition, requiring only minor repairs.
Overall, the security posts are in relatively good shape, although they could use some minor repair (photos © César Aponte).
There are no formal park guards in Dinira. For many years, there was one park guard stationed in Buenos Aires. Today, this civil servant is the park superintendent and volunteers conduct security. Pablo Marquez, a hiker who has worked in Dinira on a volunteer basis for more than 10 years, is going to be formally contracted by INPARQUES soon; although at the time of our visit he was still working voluntarily. In Barbacoas, there is another volunteer who has been working security for 8 years. In addition, this volunteer makes signs and administers money collected in Cascada del Vino recreation zone.
There is one motorcycle for use in the park, although there are no radios or other types of communication equipment. The park also lacks an official map.